The purpose of the background, as the word itself indicates, is to provide the reader with a background to the study, and hence to smoothly lead into a description of the methods employed in the investigation.
Although it is the first section of your paper, the abstract, by definition, should be written last since it will summarize the contents of your entire paper. You may need to read a bunch of materials, special articles, journals and other useful sources to deal with such complex assignment.
What did you do? What is already known about the subject, related to the paper in question What is not known about the subject and hence what the study intended to examine or what the paper seeks to present In most cases, the background can be framed in just 2—3 sentences, with each sentence describing a different aspect of the information referred to above; sometimes, even a single sentence may suffice.
What stylistic techniques will make my abstract most effective?
Re-examine the work you have done so far whether it is your entire project or a portion of it. Examples excerpted from Lantham, Richard. Abstracts are typically sectioned logically as an overview of what appears in the paper, with any of the following subheadings: Get to the point quickly and always use the past tense because you are reporting on a study that has been completed.
What is the problem or main issue? Abstracts do vary from discipline to discipline, and sometimes within disciplines. For the referees, and the few readers who wish to read beyond the abstract, the abstract sets the tone for the rest of the paper.
Avoid vague, hand-waving results such as "very", "small", or "significant. These are listed in Table 1. Detailed information about work methods is requested. Choppiness may bring bad final grade. In most cases, however, a longer background section means that less space remains for the presentation of the results.
Despite the fact that abstracts vary somewhat from discipline to disciplineevery abstract should include four main types of information. This paper provides detailed suggestions, with examples, for writing the background, methods, results, and conclusions sections of a good abstract.
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Therefore, enough key information [e. They may help you to perform report and abstract in shorter period focusing on its key terms and results. This undersized summary must contain proper description of a project, numerous findings and suitable conclusions.
It makes no judgments about the work, nor does it provide results or conclusions of the research. Read more about active and passive voice.
The first few sentences of your abstract should state the problem you set out to solve or the issue you set out to explore and explain your rationale or motivation for pursuing the project.
Vary your sentence structure to avoid choppiness. How should I start writing my abstract? Change passive voice by active. Some authors publish papers the abstracts of which contain a lengthy background section. Only a dedicated reader will peruse the contents of the paper, and then, most often only the introduction and discussion sections.
Indiana University; Koltay, Tibor. The problem or issue might be a research question, a gap in critical attention to a text, a societal concern, etc. How can I fit all of this into just words? Work with a professor or another student in your field throughout the entire process of writing your abstract.
The usual sections defined in a structured abstract are the Background, Methods, Results, and Conclusions; other headings with similar meanings may be used eg, Introduction in place of Background or Findings in place of Results.An abstract summarizes, usually in one paragraph of words or less, the major aspects of the entire paper in a prescribed sequence that includes: 1) the overall purpose of the study and the research problem(s) you investigated; 2) the basic design of the study; 3) major findings or trends found.
A research paper is more than a summary of a topic with credible sources, it is an expanded essay that presents a writer’s interpretation and evaluation or argument. Best Abstract Examples. Anytime students are required to write an APA style paper, they start googling for examples of abstract online.
While some practical, real-life samples can prove pretty useful in your research, you still have to understand that even an amazing example abstract will be of no use if you do not understand why you need this section in your paper, or what purpose it serves.
An abstract is the first anchor to a research paper and should be written well.
This step guide will help authors prepare an effective abstract. Research abstracts are used throughout the research community to provide a concise description about a research project. It is typically a short summary of your completed research. HOW TO WRITE A RESEARCH ABSTRACT Research abstracts are used throughout the research community to provide a concise description about a research project.
It is typically a short summary of your completed research. If done well, about the research than about the paper.Download